Visa Requirements for Russian Citizens

Visa Requirements for Russian Citizens

Visa requirements for Russian citizens are administrative entry restrictions for Russian passport holders set by the authorities of other states.

The Russian passport is considered the 48th in the ranking in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index, as Russian citizens have visa-free or visa on arrival access to over 120 countries and territories.

Before planning a trip to a foreign country, citizens of Russia should check the visa requirements for Russia passport holders as well as verify that their passport has a minimum validity of 6 months and have one or two blank pages.

Visa requirements for Russian passport holders differ depending on the country of destination the traveler plans to visit, the purpose of the trip, and the duration of the intended stay.

It may be necessary to obtain an embassy visa, an electronic travel visa authorization, or a visa on arrival to travel to a foreign country from South Africa. However, there are dependent and autonomous territories for which a visa may not be required, but a special permit may be necessary.

Most territories which are visa-exempt for citizens of the Russian Federation permit travelers from Russia to visit for a short period of time from 14 days up to 6 months without having to obtain an electronic or embassy visa.

If the purpose of the visit is other than tourism, business or transit, or for longer periods of stay, it is normally necessary to obtain a visa to travel to the destination.

However, other visa-free countries for Russian citizens may require the visitor to get an electronic travel authorization online before arriving in the territory.

List of Visa Countries for Russia Passport Holders in 2021

It is currently necessary to obtain a visa for Russian citizens in order to travel around 170 nations across the world, either by electronic visa through an online application, visa on arrival from a border entry point, or at the embassy of the destination country in Russia.

Travelers from Russia who wish to visit any destination on the list of visa-required countries for Russian citizens need to obtain a visa to do so, regardless of the intended period of stay or the purpose of the trip, whether a tourist visa, student visa, business visa, work visa, or transit visa.

Currently, there are more than 140 countries for which it is necessary to obtain a visa before departing Russia through the nearest relevant embassy or consulate or from an electronic visa authorization.

There are also around 30 countries that have a visa on arrival option for Russian passport holders. In some of these countries, an eVisa system is also available. It is often more convenient to apply for the eVisa, as this option eliminates the need to wait in line at the border of the destination country to submit a visa application.

Bellow you will find a complete guide to all the countries for which a visa is required for Russian citizens.

Electronic Travel Visa Authorization

An Electronic Travel Visa Authorization system allows Russian passport holders to obtain an electronic visa waiver or eVisa for the territory of their destination, eliminating the need to submit an application at an embassy or consulate.

There are around 30 countries across the world that have the option to obtain an electronic travel authorization or eVisa for Russian citizens.

Electronic visas for Russian nations may be issued as either single or multiple entry eVisas that allow the traveler to stay between 14 days and 90 days depending on the territory. They usually function as a tourist visa, business visa, and transit visa.

An approved travel visa authorization for Russian citizens is usually sent to an email address provided by the traveler during the application process or electronically linked to the applicant’s passport.

Russian travelers are usually able to present the eVisa-linked passport to gain entry to the relevant country, or otherwise a copy of the approved document.

Find below a complete list of the main destinations Russian citizens can visit by applying for an Electronic Travel Visa Authorization.

Visa on Arrival

A visa on arrival for Russian Federation passport holders is a kind of travel document that Russian citizens are able to obtain upon arrival at border entry checkpoints for roughly 30 countries across the world.

Russian citizens who wish to visit a country that provides a visa on arrival should go directly to a checkpoint upon arrival. Once there, it is normally necessary to wait in a queue to complete a form before an approved visa on arrival can be issued.

Once the application is completed and submitted to the authorities of the destination country, a payment is required for the requested visa. Usually, the traveler must pay in cash with the local currency, as few countries accept payment by credit or debit card.

The permitted stay with a visa on arrival for Russian nationals can range from 7 to 90 days depending on the country of destination and the type of visa. A visa on arrival may be issued as either a single entry or multiple entry travel authorization.

Some of these countries also permit travelers to obtain an electronic visa prior to departure from Russia. This greatly expedites the application process and eliminates the need to wait in the long queues that can form at border checkpoints.

Find below a complete list of the visa on arrival countries for Russian citizens.

Visa on Arrival: Country list

Click on the links below to find out more about each country
  • Bangladesh
  • Comoros
  • Gabon
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Iran
  • Lebanon
  • Maldives
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mozambique
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Rwanda
  • Senegal
  • Somalia
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tonga
  • Tuvalu
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

Embassy Visa Required

An embassy visa for Russian Federation passport holders is a type of travel authorization that must be obtained in advance from an embassy or consulate before traveling to the destination country.

As a general rule, it is necessary to make an appointment to attend one of the diplomatic offices mentioned along with a range of supporting documentation depending on the intended purpose and period of stay in the destination.

There are currently some 120 countries that require Russian travelers to obtain a visa through the embassy. Applicants are advised to apply for an embassy visa well in advance of the expected entry date to their destination, as in many cases it may take up to 2 weeks or more to receive visa approval.

An embassy visa may be granted for a variety of periods, depending on the purpose of the intended stay in the destination country. It may be issued as a tourist visa, work visa, student visa, business visa or other visa type, and as a single or multiple entry travel document.

Below you can find the main destinations where an embassy visa for Russian citizens is required.

Embassy Visa Required: Country list

Click on the links below to find out more about each country
  • Afghanistan
  • Aland Islands
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • American Samoa
  • Andorra
  • Antarctica
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bonaire
  • British Indian Ocean Territory
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • China
  • Christmas Island
  • Cocos Islands
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Croatia
  • Curacao
  • Czech Republic
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Falkland Islands
  • Faroe Islands
  • Finland
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • French Polynesia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Guadeloupe
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Isle of Man
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Kiribati
  • Latvia
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malawi
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Martinique
  • Mayotte
  • Monaco
  • Montserrat
  • Netherlands
  • New Caledonia
  • Niger
  • Niue
  • Norfolk Island
  • North Korea
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Norway
  • Pitcairn Islands
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Republic of Cyprus
  • Reunion
  • Romania
  • Saint Barthelemy
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Martin
  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  • San Marino
  • Sierra Leone
  • Sint Maarten
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
  • Spain
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Svalbard and Jan Mayen
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tokelau
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Vatican City
  • Wallis and Futuna
  • Yemen

Visa Not Required

There are currently up to 75 countries for which a visa is not necessary for Russian Federation passport holders who wish to enjoy a short stay.

However, Russian citizens who plan to visit visa-free countries should check each country’s requirements as some territories require special permits instead of travel authorization.

Once travelers ensure that they do not need any document other than their passport, they can enter the country for different periods of permitted stay, between 14 and 180 days. Some countries that accept a Russian internal passport allow the traveler to stay for more than 180 days.

Most visa-exempt countries for Russian citizens usually allow travelers to visit for tourism, business, or transit purposes, simply by presenting a valid passport at a border checkpoint.

If a Russian citizen wants to travel to visa not required countries for other purposes or longer periods of stay, it is usually necessary to visit an embassy or consulate and apply for a visa before the scheduled date of travel.

Browse the list below and discover the main countries for which a visa is not required for citizens of Russia.

Visa Not Required: Country list

Click on the links below to find out more about each country
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • Federated States of Micronesia
  • Fiji
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Grenada
  • Guam
  • Guatemala
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong
  • Indonesia
  • Israel
  • Jamaica
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Macau
  • Macedonia
  • Malaysia
  • Mauritius
  • Moldova
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Morocco
  • Namibia
  • Nicaragua
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Territory
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • South Africa
  • South Korea
  • Swaziland
  • Taiwan
  • Thailand
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Ukraine
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela

Other Visa Information

Some countries do not require a Russian citizen to have a visa if the visitor is in the possession of a valid visa or residence card of another country.

Furthermore, holders of diplomatic or service Russian passports are visa-exempt for a large number of countries and territories.

However, those with diplomatic or service passports from the Russian Federation do not have visa-free access to Israel.

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